Ontario, City of Toronto
CJBC-AM, Toronto, CBC
CKNC left the air on October 31 at 11:30 p.m.
On December 5, the CBC restarted the old CKNC to boost the signal of their Toronto station, CRCT. The call letters for the reborn station were CRCY. The station signed on the air this date at 5:30 p.m. CRCY operated on 1420 kHz with 100 watts of power. The antenna consisted of one steel pipe, 75 feet above a three story building and another steel pipe, 98 feet above a two story building. Spacing between the two towers was 133 feet.
CRCT became CBL on December 24.
On November 1, CRCY changed call letters to CBY. CBY duplicated the programs of CBL. CBY's frequency was 960 kHz and power was now 1,000 watts.
Elwood Glover joined the CBC Toronto announce staff. He had been with CHAB in Moose Jaw but also did some special events work for the CBC - on loan from CHAB.1939
On February 26, CBY moved from 960 kHz back to 1420 kHz and power reverted to 100 watts.
Central studios and offices to house the scattered quarters now occupied by the CBC in Toronto and Montreal were to be built this year at a cost of $800,000 each. The new facilities would include a number of small studios, one large auditorium studio, offices for the entire staffs in each city, for the commercial departments, and in Montreal, also for the engineering department.
The CBC purchased a corner property in Toronto as the site of its projected new Broadcasting House to be constructed at a cost of about $800,000. The building would be of modern design and house studios for CBY and CBL, as well as for all network shows which originate in Toronto for the national sustaining and commercial networks.
Some CBC personnel changes took place: new Winnipeg representative was H.G. Walker, manager of CBL and CBY, Toronto, while Dick Claringbull, CBC Ontario regional representative, would add management of these two stations to his duties. Walter C. Anderson, manager of CBO Ottawa, would be night manager of the stations, and Charles Wright, senior CBC producer at Winnipeg, would be manager of CBO. William J. O'Reilly joined the CBC Toronto announce staff from CKCH in Hull. Reid Forsee was an announcer. Herbert Walker was senior announcer and studio supervisor. Stephen Dale joined the announce staff from CHML Hamilton.
Harold Symes and Cecil Hyndman were engineers at CBC Toronto. John Hart was in the commercial department.
The CBC's main program, commercial, station relations, press and information offices for all of Canada moved May 24 to Prudential House on York Street. This new location consolidated the old 1 Hayter Street and 241 Church Street operations. There would be no studios at the new address. The war halted construction of a broadcasting centre for which land had been purchased last summer.
Jack Radford, manager of CBL and CBY and Ontario regional representative for the CBC, was named supervisor of station relations, succeeding Horace N. Stovin, who left for the radio representative business. Radford's appointment was effective November 15. Before coming to Toronto, he was CBC regional representative for B.C. and manager of CBR. Prior to that, he managed the former CBC station at Windsor. D. Claringbull from Winnipeg will replace Radford in Toronto, having held a similar position as regional CBC rep for the Prairie Provinces. Jack Kannawin, Winnipeg, superintendent of western programs, became the new CBC regional rep for the prairies.
CBY was given permission to move its transmitter site to Lambton Mills, using two 250 foot towers, spaced 230 feet apart. Power would increase from 100 watts to 1,000 watts. The increase in power was reportedly to assure of better alternative sustaining program service for coverage of th Toronto area when CBL is carrying commercial programs.
On March 29, CBY moved from 1420 kHz to 1010 kHz (power would later increase from 100 to 1,000 watts), from a new 30 acre transmitter site located along Highway 5, one mile southwest of Sommerville Corners, near Dixie. Two 250 foot vertical radiators, spaced one quarter wavelength apart were used to form a directional signal. Under the Havana Treaty, CBY had been expected to move from 1420 to 1450 kHz (Class IV) with power of 100 watts. The treaty was adjusted to have CBY operating on 1010 kHz with 1,000 watts and a directional antenna. The station used the Northern Electric transmitter that the CBC operated a few years earlier as CRCW/CBW Windsor.
Robert Henry Combs, 65, the pioneer broadcaster who started CKNC (now CBY) in 1924, died. Born in St. Louis, MO, Combs came to Canada in 1917 as general manager of Prest-O-Lite Storage Battery Co., and was GM in the Dominion of the Canadian National Carbon Co. built CKNC which he actively operated for many years.
On July 1, CBY began operation of its new 1kw Northern Electric transmitter. In charge of the transmitter was Arthur W. Holmes, engineer with the CBC Overseas Unit, since December of 1939. He was assisted by J. A. Spalding and H. S. Tyson, who had been ferrying planes to Britain. In the erection of the station building, the ancient art of well-witching was used. While H. M. O'Neill, engineer in charge of construction was sceptical, he allowed a well-witcher armed with a forked apple wood twig to locate water. The well was dug exactly on the spot where the well-witcher had instructed and had stated that water would be found at 80 feet. At 90 feet, there was an overflowing well, which now came up into the basement of the transmitter house.
CJBC aired the best programs from the Blue, NBC, BBC and originated the majority of programs for the CBC Dominion Network.
Arthur Holmes returned to work at CJBC's transmitter after a period with the CBC's overseas unit. Spence Caldwell (manager) left CJBC to work for All Canada Radio Facilities.
On February 12 the CBC Toronto offices moved from 55 York Street to newer and larger premises at 354 Jarvis Street. The new facility would house the national program office, commercial division, station relations, traffic and the press and information service. The studios of CBL and CJBC would remain for now at 805 Davenport Road.
It was announced that the Blue Network had asked for a severance of its association with CJBC and had offered its facilities to CKEY.
Aubrey Wyce left CJBC as a script writer for CKEY's continuity department. Dick Gluns, CJBC's senior producer, left for the army. John M. Kannawin was appointed CJBC's program director. He had been head of the CBC's overseas unit. D. Claringbull was manager and E.A. Weir was commercial manager.
Dominion network manager H.G. Walker took over as program director of CJBC. He was responsible to Charles Jennings, supervisor of CBC programs. CJBC program director John M. Kannawin was named supervisor of presentation, in charge of all program operations at the CBC Toronto studios. Announcing and production staffs of CJBC and CBL were to be merged.
Elwood Glover was an announcer at CBC Toronto.
Before the Special Committee on Radio Broadcasting, CFRB's Harry Sedgwick compared the programming of his station with that of CJBC, the station that would take over CFRB's 860 kHz frequency. He used the week of June 30 to July 6 for his comparison. In religious broadcasts, CFRB offered 3 hours and 25 minutes, 2 church services, organ music, choir singing, hymns, daily "Victorious Living". This compared to CJBC's one program of religious music. Sustaining public service broadcasts on 'RB (not including spot announcements) amounted to 5 hours, Columbia symphony orchestra, outdoor programs, Report from Parliament Hill, etc. CJBC offered 2 hours and 15 minutes, including Operation Crossroads and High School News. When it came to sustaining news and news commentaries, CFRB had six hours and CJBC, four hours and 48 minutes. U.S. network commercials accounted for 11 hours and 45 minutes on CFRB and 9 hours and 30 minutes for CJBC. Canadian ads used 31 hours and 20 minutes on 'RB and 30 minutes on 'BC. CJBC used 34 hours of American sustaining programs to fill its schedules while CFRB used 27 hours and 40 minutes. CFRB used 47 hours and 50 minutes of recorded programs against CJBC's 46 hours and 5 minutes. CFRB was on the air 127 hours and 5 minutes of the week and CJBC was on 117 hours and 36 minutes. When it came to ratings (Elliott Haynes for June, 1946), Harry Sedgwick said CFRB had 19.9% of all radio sets tuned in in the Toronto area for the 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. time period. CJBC had 7.7%. In the evenings, he said 27.9% were tuned to CFRB while CJBC rated 7.3%. A test of signal strength conducted by RCA on June 26, at ten scattered points in the city, showed the strength of CJBC was over 2 1/2 times that of CFRB. Sedgwick said CJBC's lack of audience in the Toronto area was not due to any lack of signal, but could only be due to their program policies.
Bob Keston accepted a six month contract to manage CJBC. CJBC signed Tony The Troubadour to handle a program Monday thru Friday at 12:15 p.m.
A 50,000 watt transmitter was ordered for CJBC. The new equipment would be set up at Hornby. Once ready, CJBC would take over CFRB's 860 kHz frequency and 'RB would move to CJBC's 1010 frequency.
CFRB and CJBC officially went to 50,000 watts and switched dial positions on September 1. CJBC went from 1010 to 860 and CFRB moved from 860 to 1010. Opening ceremonies were held for CJBC on September 1 and for CFRB on the 2nd. CBC dignitaries were at Hornby and CFRB staffers were at Clarkson the following day. CFRB reps attended the CJBC function and CBC officials were on hand for the CFRB festivities. CJBC now reached 828,210 homes or more than five times its former range. It now took in about one quarter of all the radio homes in Canada.
Bob McGall was appointed director of CBC Radio in Toronto - in charge of CBL and CJBC. In the past, he had been manager of CJBC.
According to Elliott-Haynes CJBC reached a total of 367,934 adult listeners every day.
Ad slogans: In Southwestern Ontario Radio Station CJBC Toronto gives you impact in Canada's No. 1 market with these popular personalities: Bruce Smith (Toast & Jamboree), Elwood Glover (At Ease), Austin Willis (Of All Things), Byng Whitteker and June Dennis (Audio). / In Canada's No. 1 market - get these leading radio personalities to deliver your sales message - Elwood Glover with "At Ease"; "Toast & Jamboree" with Bruce Smith; June Dennis & Bying Whitteker on "Audio". Radio Station CJBC - a CBC station.
CJBC-CBL erected a new tower at the Hornby site to replace the original one.
CJBC-2-FM Kingston was authorized on January 31 to decrease effective radiated power from 3,000 watts to 1,563 watts. The CBC has stated that the decrease in power, together with an increase in antenna height, would result in no significant change to the coverage area of the Kingston transmitter, and would improve the efficiency of the transmission system.
On October 30, CJBC-1-FM Belleville was authorized to change frequency from 95.5 MHz to 94.3 MHz and decrease effective radiated power from 25,000 watts to 18,200 watts. No loss of service is foreseen because areas to the east and west of Belleville affected by the reduction in the coverage area are served by CJBC-5-FM Peterborough and CJBC-2-FM Kingston.
CJBC and all of Toronto's CBC operations moved to the new Canadian Broadcasting Centre at 250 Front Street West.
The Radio-Canada network was renamed "Première Chaîne" on September 1.
On May 26, CJBC was granted a transitional digital radio undertakings. The transmitter would be installed on the CN Tower and employ the EUREKA-147 digital audio broadcasting system. CJBC would operate on 1461.536 MHz with effective isotropic radiated power of 5084 watts.
CJBC-DR-2 opened on November 1.
As of this year, CJBC operated the following rebroadcast transmitters: CJBC-1-FM Belleville, CJBC-2-FM Kingston, CJBC-3-FM Penetanguishene, CJBC-4-FM London, CJBC-5-FM Peterborough. CJBC broadcasts approximately 27.5 hours of local programming each week from Toronto.
On May 9, CJBC was given approval to add a rebroadcast transmitter at Windsor,operating at 103.9 MHz with an average effective radiated power of 1,450 watts.The Windsor transmitter was first authorized April 30, 2002, but the technical parameters were not acceptable to Industry Canada and the transmitter was not implemented at that time.
On May 12 the CRTC renewed CJBC's licence. The renewal included the following transmitters: CJBC-DR-1 Toronto, CJBC-1-FM Belleville, CJBC-2-FM Kingston, CJBC-3-FM Penetanguishene, CJBC-4-FM London and CJBC-5-FM Peterborough.
In 2010, the CBC had the licenses for its Montreal digital radio transmitters revoked. On January 21, 2011, the CRTC revoked the licenses for the rest of the CBC's digital radio transmitters across the country - at the Corporation's request. The revocations included CBLA-DR-1, CBL-DR-1, CJBC-DR-1 and CJBC-DR-2 Toronto. There had been a total lack of interest in digital radio by all parties involved.
On August 25, the CRTC administratively renewed the licence for CJBC and its transmitters to March 1, 2013.
On February 22, the CRTC administratively renewed the licences for CJBC Toronto and its transmitters to August 31, 2013.
Written by Bill Dulmage - Updated March, 2013